5. Slumgullion (from Scots)...a kind of stew.
4. Praseodymium (from Greek)...element 59.
3. Dithyrambic (from Latin via Greek)...wildly enthusiastic.
2. Taikonaut (from Chinese and Latin via Greek)...an astronaut from the People's Republic of China.
1. Fantod (origin obscure)...to be suddenly overwhelmed by powerful feelings (generally of outrage or anxiety).